THE WESTERN RESERVE or NEW CONNECTICUT-
as it was Commonly Known
A TYPICAL WESTERN RESERVE SETTLEMENT
The above is a drawing, by a family friend, made many years after this settlement showing Jonathan Hale's log cabin, log sheds etc., with the logs still scattered around, from the clearing that had to be made—as did all the settlers in Connecticut's Western Reserve. Pioneering from Glastonbury, Conn., Jonathan Hale traded property in Connecticut for 500 acres in what is now Bath Township Summit on the Cuyahoga River. Arriving to take up his "investment" in 1810, he was happy with his tract of land but quite a burden to carry until 1825 when the Great Canal was constructed only three-fourths of a mile away from his settlement.
We suppose or should we say—"we Assume" that even to this day the Constitution State—Connecticut—takes credit for. and really adopts; as its historic own, that strip of land extending some 150 miles South from Lake Erie. Tis now known as Ohio and has in its borders next to the largest membership of any Society of the National Order Founders and Patriots of America organization.
And why shouldn't Connecticut citizens of today take a pride in this State—its citizens and its clean record as a State of our Union.
Charles 1, in 1631 gave to Connecticut, through its then Governor John Winthrop, its Charter which comprised a strip of land some 120 miles in extent—from North to South—extending and including all the lands above and below the waters from the Atlantic Ocean to the South Seas.
Connecticut might have but did not claim those lands directly West of it, which were allowed to become New York State. Nor did Connecticut raise too much ruction when Penn's peaceful Quakers "took over beautiful Wyoming Valley, originally settled by her Connecticut Sons. Connecticut however, when she gave up to the United States, her West-ward claims to lands, to the Pacific and beyond, reserved a strip west of Northern-Pennsylvania -bordering on Lake Erie. So it was that this strip was incorporated into the State of Ohio and became New Connecticut or Connecticut's Western Reserve.
So pioneers from Connecticut settled this New Connecticut. Sounds simple, doesn't it? But it wasn't so easy. After years of pro and con consideration following the Revolutionary War the State- determined to sell Connecticut's Reserve. Bids were asked. A number of offers were received. Finally the offer of Oliver Phelps (a native of Windsor, Conn.) Co. of $1,2000,000.00 was accepted. Proper papers were drawn up and bonds given guaranteeing payment. Then the land was given to grantees, some fifty of them—businessmen of the State—each with an allotment of his share of the 1,200,000 shares into which the purchase was divided. Then came the organization by them of the Connecticut _Land Company—the medium through which the land would be settled and sold. Moses Cleaveland was selected as agent of the company. He was an ideal man for the job. Entering Yale in 1774 he soon found the exigencies of the times called for his entering armed service, for he was an ardent patriot. He left Canterbury at the Lexington Alarm—and, briefly told, he was a Captain?Lieutenant when discharged from the service in 1777. He returned to his studies and in 1881 received his A.M. degee. His rise in the world of law and business was rapid and he was recognized as one of the State's most brilliant men.
But it was May first, 1796 that saw Moses Cleaveland, with Augustus Porter and Seth Pease as surveyors; Moses Warren, Amos Spafford, John M. .Holly, Richard Stoddard, assistant surveyors; Joshua Stow, commissary; Theodore Shepard, physician; and some 37 other laborers and assistants gathered at Schenectady as a point of departure or that which was to be a wearisome journey. The actual trip seems to have started overland .on April 28th, 1796. But it was not until July 4th, ollowing a treaty with local Indians and the smoking of a peace pipe, that Cleaveland declared, standing on a beautiful broad plateau some
eighty feet above the lake—"This shall be the site of our city. Here we lay the foundation for the metropolis of our Reserve." And those gathered unanimously named the new city—just born—"CLEVELAND" -for its founder from Canterbury, Conn.
So we hope that the Founders and Patriots of Cleveland properly rated the founding of their Western Reserve on its recent One Hunred and Seventy-fourth Anniversary.
JONATHAN HALE'S BRICK HOME
This house was built by Hale from Glastonbury, Conn., in 1810, as a witness to the prosperity that became his, with hard work and the nearby Canal transportation. In 1957 this brick home and some 200 acres of his original purchase was given to the Western Reserve Historical Society through a bequest of Miss Clara B. Ritchie, a Hale descendant. It and a nearby Western Reserve Pioneer Village are now visited by thousands annually.
GEN. MOSES CLEAVELAND
Statue commemorating his founding of Cleaveland on July 4, 1796.
THE SCHOOL FUND OF CONNECTICUT
It was on April 29, 1784, at the then request of Congress that Con necticut ceded her claims, after much consideration, in 1786, to territory beginning 120 miles west of the west boundary of Pennsylvania. The territory east of this land, thus ceded, comprised a tract of 120 miles and extended to the Pennsylvania boundary. It was this tract from which the General Assembly of Connecticut granted some 500,000 acres to Connecticut citizens to reimburse them for losses of property burned by the British during the revolution—which was later called the "Fire Lands." In 1795 the General Assembly of Connecticut ordered that the proceeds from the sale of these lands shall be, and hereby is appropriated to the support of schools," to be paid over from time to time to the school societies of each town. These funds amounted to $1,200,000 and were known as "The School Fund of Connecticut"—derived as they. were from the sale of Western Reserve Lands—equal in area to just about the present State of Connecticut.
Statue honoring the Founder of New London Governor John Winthrop, Jr.
Governor John Winthrop Jr.—honored by the above statue in New London, Conn., brought the Charter, signed by Charles II of England, which gave to Connecticut "all that parte of our dominions—bounded the East by Norrogancott-- River, commonly called Narrogancett Bay
the South by the sea—and on the North by the lyne of the Massahusetts Colony—to the South Sea on the Weste Parte." Governor Winthrop served as Governor of Connecticut for 18 years—longer than and other Governor in Connecticut's history.
From Our Deputy Governor
Congratulations upon the new Bulletin which has just arrived. It is indeed very interesting and enlightening, especially concerning Philadelphia!
Also I must agree that it makes good reading, in contrast to the listing
of members and their addresses which has characterized previous February bulletins.
Also I was interested in your editorials, scattered through the book .. . commenting appropriately on the problems confronting us today.
Sorry I won't be able to get to Philadelphia next week, but wanted you to know how favorably impressed I am by your new Bulletin.
Cordially, Clay Herrick
May 15, 1970